The following article is a guide to installing Linux For Mac PC. Most of the time we opt for Linux For Mac operating systems but are confused about the hardware requirements. The tutorial will help you run Linux system on your Mac which will completely replace the original OS. Read on below to find out:
Selecting your Linux For Mac Distribution
Before you begin, you’ll first need to select the distribution you want to work on. Whichever you choose will determine the kind of working environment you want. Some of them include:
- Ubuntu: One of the most popular operating systems built on Unity. It is great for new users and offers a very similar environment as macOS does.
- Linux Mint: Released in 2006, this type is more Window- like and comes in with a range of desktops (Cinnamon, Mate etc.) for Users.
- Debian: This is perfect for people working on the server side. Although, Debian is a little complicated to set up and use, but offers a lot more features than Ubuntu and Mint.
- Fedora Linux: This distro is based on various packages such as DNF, RPM and GNOME. It is not recommended for beginners because of the complex working environment.
Try to get familiar with the distribution you want to install so you don’t have any issues later. We recommend starting with Ubuntu since it is the most used and offers plenty of community support in case if you get stuck somewhere.
Installing Linux For Mac
Yes, there is an option to run Linux temporarily on a Mac through the virtual box but if you’re looking for a permanent solution, you might want to completely replace the present operating system with a Linux For Mac distro.
To install Linux on a Mac, you’ll need a formatted USB drive with storage up to 8GB. Remember this process will wipe out your current macOS/OS X installation and there is probably a very hard chance to recover it back. Also, don’t try to run macOS and Linux For Mac on dual boot because that won’t work too.
Follow the steps for installation below:
- Download Ubuntu or any other Linux distro you want to the Mac. Save it in your Downloads folder.
- Now download and install Etcher, an app that will help copy the Linux installation file to your USB drive. (https://www.balena.io/etcher/)
- Open the app and click on the Settings icon. Tick on the Unsafe Mode and click on Yes, Continue.
- Now Click on Select Image. Choose the name of the .iso file you downloaded in Step 1.
- Insert your USB Drive
- Under the Select Drive option, Click Change. Pick the drive option that matches with your USB drive in size. If you have inserted one drive in your Mac, the option will show /dev/disk1. If there are two drives attached, there will be an option for /dev/disk2 and so on. Note that /dev/disk0 is your Mac’s hard drive. Do not select that option.
- Now click Flash to start copying.
- Remove the USB Flash Drive and Shut down your Mac.
- Now attach the USB drive on the Mac again or to any other PC you want to install it to.
- Power up the PC while constantly holding the Option key
- From the start up screen, select the EFI Boot Option
- You will see a screen with Ubuntu Installation Options that will ask you to either Try Ubuntu or Install Ubuntu. Press the letter ‘e’ to go the boot entry.
- Here, you will have to edit the boot entry. Change the line starting with Linux For Mac and add the word ‘nomodeset’ after ‘quiet splash’. It should be like this:
- Now, Press F10
- Ubuntu will start booting into trial mode
- Click on the option, ‘Install Ubuntu’
- Select your Language and Continue
- Now, select the option ‘Install this third party software’ and click continue
- Click Yes to the alert option for /dev/sdb
- Now select ‘Erase Disk and Install Ubuntu’ and click on continue
- Make sure you select the main hard drive and click on Install Now.
- Select your location and then click on continue
- Choose your keyboard layout and click on Continue
- Add a name and Password that you want to use
- Click on Continue and your Linux Distro will start installing
- Once the installation is finished, you will be asked to restart your Mac
- Now, login with your name and password to start using Ubuntu.
Note: During the installation process, we used the entire hard disk for Ubuntu in step 20, which means your MacOS will be permanently deleted. If you want to keep the MacOS, you will have to make disk partitions, a small 8GB partition and a larger 1000GB for Linux For Mac. You can also go to Disk Utility to create proper partitions before you start installing Linux For Mac.
The Mac is an ever-increasingly closed-off ecosystem, with users finding that they need to use dongles and converters for everything from ethernet cables to SD card readers. The decision to replace the Escape and Command keys with the gimmicky “touch bar” a couple of years ago wasn’t great either.
It’s safe to say that when it comes to macOS, the honeymoon is over. Longtime users are starting to get fed up with Apple from the way they restrict compatibility to their amateur file system, to the way their operating system takes away advanced functions longtime users are used to using.
In this article we’ll go over the best Linux distributions that Mac users can install either on their Macs or on dedicated Linux computers.
Fedora has long since established itself as a leading Linux distro thanks to an impressive repertoire of packages and pretty much unrivaled stability. It ships with the GNOME desktop environment which, as we’ll see again later in the list, is as close as you get to macOS out of the default batch. What’s more, it gives you access to GTK3 themes, including the excellent macOS Mojave theme created recently.
As Fedora uses the robust Wayland protocol, it also has access to distinctly Mac-like extended gestures, which are vital to recreating that slick, gliding desktop experience that macOS is renowned for. A lot of Mac users have reported Fedora to be one of the best-functioning Linux distros you can run on a Mac.
2. Elementary OS
It is impossible to talk about Mac-like operating systems without talking about the Elementary OS project. This is a Linux distribution that adopts some of the design philosophy that Apple employs into their work: simplicity, beauty, and features. When it comes to this Linux distribution, if you’re coming off of macOS, this is the choice you should consider first and foremost.
Elementary has taken a lot of functions and features that some Linux distributions struggle to enable easily (like HiDPI, for example) and made it so users have a great out-of-the-box experience. If you’re a new Mac user frustrated with Apple and have recently switched, try this version of Linux first.
The Solus project is a new one that has only recently gained popularity. Since then their mission has started to resonate with a lot of people: a Linux distribution that works as hard as it can to give you a first class desktop experience. Solus, like Elementary, tries to make it so users aren’t hunting around for software or looking at forum posts in order to figure out how to use their newly-installed Linux distribution.
Budgie is the flagship desktop for Solus, and it is created from scratch to mimic the look and feel of Mac. It comes with a notification area that highly resembles that of macOS. As a Mac user, when you install Solus, you’ll feel right at home.
Alternative: Ubuntu Budgie is also based on the Budgie desktop and has been included as one of the Ubuntu favour. It is based on Ubuntu which gives you a solid core to start with. If you like Solus, chances are you will like Ubuntu Budgie too.
4. Linux Mint
Long before many other Linux distributions tried to do “easy to use Linux,” there was Linux Mint. It was a humble operating system based on Ubuntu that took the time to include little things that beginners have a hard time with: proprietary codecs, the flash plugin, and an easy-to-use Desktop that anyone can pick up.
Though Linux Mint is a bit traditional and something that most Mac users will not be familiar with, I encourage them to give it a chance. This is a solid Linux distribution with a reliable set of software that would make any Mac user feel at home.
The Gnome Shell desktop environment has a lot of similarities when it comes to macOS: it has a dock, and it values simplicity instead of piling options on top of options. The Gnome desktop essentially makes Linux way easier to use, as well as modern. For a Mac user recently switching to Linux, Ubuntu is a good choice.
It takes the stability and reliability of the Ubuntu base and combines it with a desktop environment that Mac users can appreciate.
Linux For Mac For a long time, Apple was the place to be for a lot of users, including advanced ones. Even if you needed to do technical work, you could at least expect a terminal and reliable hardware. As of late, Apple seems not really care what its hardcore, advanced users have to say. Instead, they seem to be more focused on perfecting dongles and selling thunderbolt headphones.
That’s why users have turned to Linux. For as much negativity that you can give Linux, these new switchers will never need to worry about a Solus developer ending the project to focus on some silly way of replacing the escape key or an Elementary OS developer deleting features.